Know Your Rights: Reproductive Health Care

Reproductive health care, including access to birth control and safe and legal abortion care, is an essential part of your health and well-being. While Roe v. Wade was overturned, abortion remains legal in many states and other reproductive health care services remain protected by law. The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is committed to providing you with accurate and up-to-date information about access to and coverage of reproductive health care and resources. Our goal is to make sure you have the right information and support.

Your reproduction rights:

Below you will find information about your right to access care and have it covered by insurance or other health care coverage if you have it, where to go if you don’t have coverage, and how to get information if you don’t know .

Most health coverage—whether you have public (eg, Medicaid) or private health coverage (eg, coverage through the Affordable Care Act Marketplace or through your employer)—covers family planning counseling, birth control, and other preventive services at no cost to you.

Your right to birth control

Under the Affordable Care Act, most health plans are required to provide you with birth control and family planning counseling without out-of-pocket costs. This includes:

  • Hormonal methods, such as birth control pills and vaginal rings
  • Implanted devices, such as intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • Emergency contraception, such as Plan B® and ella®
  • Barrier methods, such as diaphragms and sponges
  • Patient education and counseling
  • Sterilization procedures

To learn more about birth control coverage requirements for different types of health plans, visit here.


Your right to access abortion services

After the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn Roe v. Wade, access to abortion will depend on where you live even more than before.

  • Medical abortion has been approved by the FDA since 2000 as a safe and effective option. Federal regulation allows abortion medications to be dispensed by telehealth and by mail through certified prescribers and pharmacies, in addition to in-person dispensing at clinics, medical offices, and hospitals.
  • Under federal law, Medicaid will cover abortion services only in circumstances of rape, incest, or if the patient’s life is in danger.
  • If you need help paying for an abortion, abortion funds may be able to provide financial assistance. Information about abortion funds and resources to help are available at AbortionFinder.org.
  • If you need information on your state’s laws or legal help, you may want to consider this website: AbortionFinder.org

Your right to access other preventive health services

By law, you have the right to access other preventive health services without out-of-pocket costs under most health insurance plans. Most health insurance plans are required to cover women’s preventive health services, including:

  • Visits from a well-woman to check your health at any time, including a pap smear, breast exam and regular check-ups
  • Counseling and screening services
  • Breast and cervical cancer screenings
  • Prenatal care, which is the care you will receive during pregnancy
  • Breastfeeding services and supplies
  • Interpersonal violence screening and counseling (eg, sexual assault evidence-gathering exams)
  • HIV screening and STI counseling

If you do not have health insurance coverage


HHS Complaints

The Office of Civil Rights of the US Department of Health and Human Services (OCR) enforces federal civil rights laws that prohibit discriminatory restrictions on access to health care. If you believe that your or another person’s civil rights or health information privacy rights have been violated, you can file a complaint with HHS here.

Urgent care:

The Emergency Medical Treatment and Employment Act (EMTALA) requires that, for any individual who presents to a hospital with an emergency medical condition, the hospital must provide you with the emergency care necessary to save your life, including abortion care.

Patient privacy:

Understand your rights to protect your private medical information under federal law. If you believe your privacy has been violated, please visit: How to File a HIPAA Complaint to file a complaint.

Visit ReproductiveRights.gov to learn more about your rights and available federal resources.

Get the facts at:

  • Types of birth control and whether it is covered by your insurance
  • Where to go to access reproductive and preventive health care
  • Your rights to coverage based on your health coverage (eg, Medicaid, employer-based)
  • Clinics where you can get free or low-cost birth control and other reproductive health services.

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