The NCAA’s Title IX in 50 report, “The State of Women in College Sports,” illustrates the benefits of participation for female student-athletes, particularly for diverse racial and ethnic populations. But the landmark report also outlines the challenges that remain for women in leadership positions and the distribution of resources on member campuses. The NCAA’s Office of Involvement released the landmark report Thursday.
“Now is an important time to take stock of where we’ve seen progress across all college sports,” said Amy Wilson, the NCAA’s managing director of inclusion and author of the NCAA’s Title IX at 50 report. gains in certain areas, we clearly still have work to do. The 50th anniversary of Title IX is a time to celebrate all that has been done and the achievements of many important figures, but it is also an opportunity to identify where we need for additional attention in the future”.
Both male and female student-athletes continue to set attendance records. Throughout the 2000s, participation rates for male student-athletes slightly exceeded those for females. From 2002 to 2020, men gained about 73,000 participation opportunities, while women gained over 67,000.
Division I has the highest participation in women’s championship sports, with 47% of all student athletes being female.
Echoing the progress reported in the 45th anniversary report, female student-athletes across all NCAA divisions are more racially and ethnically diverse in 2019-2020 than in 2000-01. More than 32% of female college athletes are minority women, an increase of more than 9 percentage points over the previous two decades. 2020 data show Division I (61% white/39% minority) has the most diversity among female student-athletes, followed by Division II (64% white/36% minority) and Division III (78% white/22% minority). ).
Women hold approximately 25% of all coaching and athletic director positions in the NCAA and 30% of conference commissioner positions
Much progress can be made for minority representation among women in leadership positions in college sports. In 2019-2020, 16% of female head coaches of women’s teams and 16% of female athletic directors were minority women. These percentages have increased slightly from five years ago.
Since the passage of Title IX, men have gained many opportunities to coach female student-athletes. In 2019-2020, men were head coaches of 58.7% of women’s teams. In contrast, women have seen little growth in opportunities to coach men, holding only 5.8% of coaching positions for men’s teams.
In 2019-2020, there were 44 women in the conference’s 141 commissioner positions, including five minority women.
Spending on men’s and women’s athletic programs in all three divisions continues to grow. Division I continues to have the largest spending gap between men’s and women’s programs. An analysis of total expenditures shows that Division I athletic departments generally spend twice as much on their men’s programs as on their women’s programs. The biggest gap in spending occurs at the Football Bowl Subdivision level.
Overall, Divisions II and III have more equal spending on men’s and women’s athletic programs than Division I. Compared to the 23% difference in total spending between programs in Division I, Divisions II and III both have a spending difference of 8%. Over the past five years, this gap has increased by 3 percentage points in Division I and 1 percentage point in Division II, while remaining the same in Division III.
For more on Title IX at 50, visit ncaa.org/titleix50. Click here to read the full Title IX report at 50.